Atarax Prescription Information


Atarax is a drug made of Hydroxyzine, which can greatly reduce activities taking place in the central nervous system. It is can also act as an antihistamine that also helps in reducing the natural chemical histamine inside the body. It can come in form of Atarax syrup (Hydroxyzine hydrochloride), Atarax capsule or Atarax syrup. Hydroxyzine hydrochloride is chemically designated as 1-(p-choro benzhydryl) 4-[2-(2-hydroxyethoxy)-ethyl] piperazine dihydrochloride.
The inert components of the syrup are: water, peppermint oil, spearmint oil, alcohol, sucrose, menthol, sodium benzoate. While the inert components of the tablets are: precipitated calcium carbonate, talc, dibasic calcium phosphate, magnesium stearate, white wax, carnauba wax, gelatin, shellac, acacia, lactose, sucrose. The Atarax 100mg tablet additionally contain: Red 3, Blue 1, alginic acid, polyethylene glycol. The Atarax 50mg tablet additionally contain: Velo Yellow, starch. The Atarax 25 mg tablet additionally contain: velo dark green; starch. The Atarax 10 mg tablet additionally contain: starch, Yellow 6 Lake, sodium hydroxide; titanium dioxide.


Why Atarax is prescribed?

Atarax helps to relieve itches resulting from allergies and also to control the vomiting and nausea resulting from various health conditions, even motion sickness also. It is additionally used in treating the symptoms resulting from alcohol withdrawal and anxiety.


Clinical pharmacology

Within about 15 to 30 minutes after taking Atarax orally, the clinical effects are normally noted as hydroxyzine absorption from the gastriointestinal tract is very fast. Atarax is not related chemically to the reserpine, benzodiazepines, phenothiazine and meprobamate. Atarax is also not a cortical depressant, though might turn out so as a result of a activity suppression in certain major areas of the subcortical parts in the central nervous system. Analgesic and anti-histaminic effect and bronchodilator activity have been shown with experiments and clinically confirmed. Clinical and pharmacological studies shows that hydroxyzine in therapeutic dosage in most situation has very mild antisecretory activity and doesn’t increase acidity or gastric secretion. There have been experimental demonstrations of relaxation of the primary skeletal muscle. The veriloid test and the apomorphine test have been used to demonstrate its antiemetic effect.


Indications and contraindications of Atarax

Atarax is used in pruritus management as a result of allergic conditions like histamine-mediated pruritus, chronic urticarial, contact and atopic dermatoses.
Atarax also helps in symptomatic relief of tension and anxiety related with psychoneurosis, additionally as an aide in organic disease conditions where anxiety is experienced.
It is used as a sedative adhering to general anesthesia when Atarax is used as a premedication, hydroxyzine may result in barbiturates and meperidine. This makes it necessary to tailor their administration in pre-anesthetic adjunctive therapy on personal basis. Atarax doesn’t affect belladonna alkaloids and can be used together with digitalis as it does not interfere with the action of this agent. Using Atarax as an antianxiety agent exceeding 4 months hasn’t been systematically assessed by clinical studies.
As regards its contraindications, the safety of administering Atarax during pregnancy hasn’t been established so it is contraindicated in pregnancy at early stage. It is also contraindicated for individuals who have demonstrated hypersensitivity to it previously.


Warnings and precautions

Since a lot of medications are excreted in human breast milk, Atarax shouldn’t be administered to breastfeeding mothers since it hasn’t been established whether it is excreted in breast milk.
When administering hydroxyzine concurrently with central nervous system depressant their dosage should be cautiously reduced. Alcohol intake can increase the side effects of Atarax. Few mild side effects come with Atarax usage they include:
Dry mouth, blurred vision
Drowsiness, dizziness
Serious side effects of Atarax are:
Convulsion or seizures
Restless movement of the muscles in the jaw, eyes, neck or tongue
Confusion, tremor


What precautions should I take?

Inform your health provider or doctor if you are pregnant, plan becoming pregnant or have allergies for any medication, hydroxyzine, or its ingredients. Also tell your doctor about other prescription and non-prescription drugs you are taking or will start taking. Your health provider should also be aware of health conditions you have experienced previously like ulcers, high blood pressure asthma, liver disease, glaucoma, seizures etc.


Atarax dosage and overdose

Your Atarax dosage should be taken as prescribed by your doctor, shouldn’t be taken for longer or shorter period than he prescribes. Atarax dosing can come in form of syrup, tablets, capsules and suspension taken orally. It is normally taken 3 to 4 times daily. This medication should not be given to kids below the age of 12, except directed by the doctor.
When an Atarax overdose occurs seek immediate medical help. If a dose of Atarax is missed take the missed dose immediately you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost the time to take your next scheduled dose.